Hopefully the last two posts were helpful to you as you create and gather your own tools to assess your bilingual Spanish Students.
Today I want to talk about the Spanish nonword repetition (NWR) task. The Spanish Nonword repetition task I recently found comes from a research article by Ebert et. al (2008) that references Dollaghan & Campbell (1998). The researchers conducted a study with preschool age (3:5-5:6) bilingual English/Spanish children using nonwords that were “constructed to be phonotactically possible in Spanish and to conform to published guidelines for nonword repetition stimuli”(Ebert et. al, 2008, p. 67).
The reference for the study is below. I used the set of Spanish nonwords from this study last week with a Spanish bilingual kindergarten student and was able to compare it to their performance on the English NWR. It’s interesting that the student performed with more accuracy on the Spanish NWR task.
I have also included another reference to an article by Lee & Gorman (2012) that looked at NWR performance of monolingual English, Korean-English, Chinese-English and Spanish-English bilingual children. I like how the article discusses how NWR tasks can tap into phonological short-term memory skills (PSTM). Lee & Gorman (2012) also discuss theoretical perspectives of PSTM and the relationship between PSTM and vocabulary development, morphosyntactic development, and sentence construction. If you can get access to this article it is truly a great read!
Let me know in the comments below if you have read these articles and have used a Spanish NWR task!
Ebert, K.D., Kalanek, J., Cordero, K.N., & Kohnert, Kathryn. (2008). Spanish nonword repetition: Stimuli development and preliminary results. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 29(2), 67-74.
Dollaghan, C., & Campbell, T.F. (1998). Nonword repetition and child language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 41, 1136-1146.
Lee, S.S., & Gorman, B.K. (2012). Nonword repetition performance and related factors in children representing four linguistic groups. The International Journal of Bilingualism, 17(4), 479-495.